Author: admin

The hierarchical organisation of sports

first_img Local Organisation Local organisations represent the clubs in their own areas. They act as a link between local clubs and the national governing body. They control their own administrative areas and cater for the parish, district and community. They are responsible for the facilities of the sport in their area of administration. The sport clubs are their affiliates and have to adhere to the guidelines, rules and regulations of the local authority of the sport. The local authority is headed by a president, who is elected by the affiliated clubs. The president represents the clubs in the national organisation. The local sport organisation is responsible for organising competitions, drawing up rules and preventing their abuse, settling disputes, managing and coaching referees and umpires, helping to develop facilities, and maintaining links with the national organisation. IOC’s charge The IOC is charged with upholding the spirit of the Olympic ideals and to: – Educate young people through sport and promote a spirit of understanding. – Spread the Olympic ideals throughout the world. – Bring together performers every four years for an international festival of sports. Other international sport organisation, such as FIFA, IAAF, ICC have similar responsibilities. – Send questions and queries to jenelbro119@hotmail.com International Organisation Sport is a universal activity played all over the world, and thus, it is governed by international bodies that are chosen from member countries. An international organisation such as the IOC is the top committee of the Olympic movement. It is chosen from member countries. Its main jobs are: – To select the cities where the games will be held. – To decide which sport will be included. – To work with the host cities and other bodies to plan the games. – To lead the fight against doping in the sport. National Organisation The national organisation of sport is responsible for dealing with sport at an elite level and issues of national importance. It fulfils its roles through separate bodies such as performance and development; international and major events relations; ethics and anti- doping. It ensures that top athletes receive the highest standard of coaching and support. It also works to attract major events to the country and work with athletes and governing bodies to develop a fair and drug-free environment. Although most governing bodies are firmly based in the voluntary sector, the demands of running a sport mean that many now employ full-time officials and coaches to help develop and organise their sport. Their main roles are: – To consider rule changes, liaise with international organisations over changes in the rules, and are responsible for informing Members of any rule change. – To organise competitions and events, and provide officials for these. – To organise awards and training courses for those who wish to take part: coaches and officials. – To administer, monitor and review disciplinary procedures for those taking part. – To monitor standards and consider any technical aid that could help officials in their work. At national and international levels of competition, national governing bodies: – Organise selection procedures of competitors for national teams. -Organise various qualifying stages and national championships. – Represent the sport at international level and provide information about these events. – Provide sufficient resources for these events. Many sport governing bodies are also members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The organisation of sports is relatively complex and diverse. In order to provide common rules, sport began to develop their own governing bodies. All governing bodies are members or affiliated to larger organisations which encourage the existence of hierarchical relationships. Each sport has governing bodies at many levels such as local, national, regional, and international. For example, football’s local organisation would be the parish association, e.g., the St Elizabeth Football Association (STEFA), which is affiliated with the Jamaica Football Federation (JFF), which is the national body affiliated with the regional body, CONCACAF, and the Federation of International Football Association (FIFA), which is the international organisation for the sport. There are hierarchical responsibilities at each level of sport organisations. Some tend to concentrate on different objectives such as achieving success, whereas others will focus on promoting the sport at grass-roots levels. However, funding and rules are important aspects that they have to administrate at all levels.last_img read more

ISSA can’t afford prestige venues – Forbes

first_imgDespite the lure and prestige of schoolboy football sponsors Flow hosting their trademark Flow Super Cup matches at the country’s more prestigious venues, Inter-Secondary School Sports Association (ISSA) competitions officer George Forbes said his organisation can only afford to host Manning and Walker Cup matches at the Constant Spring Field and Spanish Town Prison Oval.Forbes was asked to comment on the situation after second-round matches between Wolmer’s Boys’ and Vauxhall High and defending champions Jamaica College vs Holy Trinity were affected by rain at the Constant Spring venue.The Wolmer’s-Vauxhall match was called off by the referee due to a waterlogged field, with six minutes of play remaining.The match official, who seemed to play it by the rules for the JC vs Holy Trinity game, a rule which posits that once 80 per cent of the field is playable, then the game should be played, saw defending champions JC and Holy Trinity draw 0-0 in a game which began at 4p.m. and concluded under lights.”Definitely, here (Constant Spring) is what we can afford. Flow can play their matches where they play them, but we (ISSA) don’t have the between five and $800,000 and up to a $1 million to put on a game,” the ISSA competitions officer told The Gleaner in an interview.Gate receipts”If you look at the crowd here, I don’t think we have collected $100,000 at the gate, so it is not prudent for us to put a match where you are going to spend four, five million dollars and you collect $100,000 at the gate,” he reasoned at Constant Spring on Monday, while the Manning Cup matches were in progress.Forbes noted that there has been ongoing debate over venue selection for the last five years.”Look at the Premier League venues. Boys’ Town don’t have any field. Waterhouse could not play there. Arnett Gardens is the only place that we could play and the parents for most of the kids (players) don’t want them to go to these inner-city venues in the second round,” he stressed.Constant Spring, Forbes contends, meets the safety requirements, affordability and accessibility.”We have made some improvements to Constant Spring. We have invested some money in it. There is some more work to be done, and it’s something the Constant Spring management and ISSA have to sit down and look into for next year,” he assured, adding that vehicular parking in muddy areas will be addressed.last_img read more

Djokovic outclasses Murray

first_imgPARIS (AP): Novak Djokovic beat Andy Murray 6-2, 6-4 to win the Paris Masters for the third straight year and a record fourth time overall, dominating the second-seeded Briton from the outset in a one-sided final. The top-ranked Serb was largely untroubled clinching his 10th title of the season – four ahead of Roger Federer and six more than Murray. It was the 58th title of his career and 26th in Masters events, two more than Federer and one behind leader Rafael Nadal. “I think I was very solid from the very first point, really protecting the baseline, trying to be the one that dictates the play,” the 28-year-old Djokovic said. “I think in terms of physical and mental ability, I have reached my peak.” Djokovic also extended his winning streak to 22 matches and will be the favourite to win the season-ending ATP finals for the fourth straight time when that tournament starts in London on November 15. “There is no reason for me to decrease the pace of the training and preparations,” the 10-time Grand Slam champion said. “Hopefully, I can finish off the season with another great win.” Despite dropping only one set on the way to the final, Murray simply could not compete as Djokovic won his sixth Masters title of the year – setting a new record. “It’s been an incredible year for him. Well done!” Murray said. “I missed with my backhand a little bit today, left a few too many in the middle of the court, and he was able to dictate a lot of the points from there.” Serving for the match, Djokovic clenched his fist and yelled when Murray’s return landed out to give him match point. When Murray’s aggressive two-handed backhand went just wide, he turned and blew a kiss to his coach, Boris Becker, who has won this event three times. In their 30th career meeting, Djokovic improved to 21-9 against Murray, a two-time Grand Slam winner who beat the Serb in the 2013 Wimbledon final. But since then, Djokovic has won 10 of their 11 encounters. His only loss during that spell was in August, when Murray beat him in the Rogers Cup final in Montreal. “Since the beginning of last year my results against him and Roger haven’t been good enough,” said Murray, who will attempt to lead Britain to the Davis Cup title against Belgium later this month. “I need to think about why that is and what I can do to turn it around.” The second point of the match lasted 22 strokes, but Murray was rarely able to compete in the rallies after that. Djokovic broke Murray at love in the third game, and the Briton had to save three break points in the fifth. Djokovic then held at love and broke again before serving out the set in 42 minutes. Murray dropped his serve again to trail 2-1 in the second set but broke right back, only for Djokovic to get another break in the seventh game when the Briton’s forehand sailed long. IMPROVEMENTlast_img read more

MAN CITY VS WEST BROM

first_imgCITY (4-2-3-1)CABALLERO,ZABALETA, OTAMENDI, MANGALA, CLICHY,FERNANDO, FERNANDINHO, NAVAS, DE BRUYNE, SILVA,AGUERORONDON,BERAHINO, FLETCHER, GARDNER, YACOB, SANDRO, CHESTER, EVANS, McAULEY,DAWSON, FOSTERWBA (4-2-3-1)On Wednesday, Manchester City recorded an impressive result in the Champions League, holding Paris St-Germain to a 2-2 draw in the French capital, their eyes now firmly fixed on a semi-final place.City now return to the Barclays Premier League where they sit in fourth place, a point behind third-placed Arsenal and 15 points behind leaders Leicester City.Though City have won only 10 of their 16 home games, they have scored a massive 39 goals, the most in the league.Interestingly they have drawn just once at home, again the lowest in the division. City won 4-0 at Bournemouth last Saturday, one of only two league wins in their last seven games. In that seven-game spell, they have also lost four and drawn one.West Bromwich Albion are 11th in the Premier League but goals are rare when the Baggies are on the road. Albion have scored just 11 away – only Newcastle have fewer, with nine – while the 16 conceded means their away games have produced just 17, the fewest in the Premier League.Albion drew 0-0 at Sunderland last weekend, their second stalemate in four league outings.On the opening day of the season City won 3-0 at Albion, their eighth straight Premier League win over the Baggies. Indeed, Albion last beat City in December 2008 at The Hawthorns; since then they have lost 11 and drawn one of 12 subsequent meetings.Albion last won at City in February 2003, at the old Maine Road. Since then, they have drawn two and lost on their last six visits.City are still without Vincent Kompany and Raheem Sterling while there are tests for Fabian Delph, Joe Hart and Yaya Toure. Albion, meanwhile, test James Morrison and miss Chris Brunt and Callum McManaman.last_img read more

JOA finalising details of Olympic camp … Track and field stars to train at Rio Naval base

first_imgJamaica Olympic Association (JOA) president, Mike Fennell says plans for the nation’s Olympic camp at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from August 5-25 are going smoothly, as the JOA have already acquired a base for the camp, which will commence on July 24. The JOA boss told The Gleaner they will be holding two camps, one for athletes and another for the swimmers. But while the track and field representatives will use a Rio de Janeiro Naval Base (CEFAN), which is a physical education centre of the navy and the training site of several civil and military sports, swimmer, Alia Atkinson and diver Yona Knight-Wisdom, will decide on a location of their choice. “We have done a series of consultations with the coaches and officials from the JAAA and we have agreed on a camp at the naval base in Rio for athletics. We are also making another camp for the swimming people, Alia Atkinson and diver, Yona Knight-Wisdom, at a separate venue of their choice for pre-Olympic camp and both camps they commence on or about the 24th of July,” he said. However, pre-Olympic accommodations for the nation’s representatives in other sporting disciplines will be delayed until qualifications for these non-traditional sports have been secured. “When we know who have qualified we will make preparations for the final preparation, we won’t know fully until we sign off the qualification,” he said. “We know that as far as track and field is concern we have to wait until the trials are held at the end of June and we know the composition of who is going after the JAAA have make their selection. We have one swimmer and one diver, who have already qualify, we are hoping more will qualify because we have a number of other swimmers who are close to the qualifying standard and we are hoping for more of that. “We also have the fantastic news of a gymnast (Toni Ann Williams) qualifying and that was really tremendous. Unfortunately we didn’t make it in fencing but we are still awaiting the cyclist (Marloe Rodman) and he is pretty close to qualifying and we hope he reaches the standard, plus there is also a chance for a boxer. But we won’t know all of this until all the qualifying events have taken place,” he insisted.last_img read more

EPL Stat Spot

first_imgSergio Aguero (Manchester City)Age: 28Goals Scored: 5Goals right foot: 4Goals headed: 1Goals inside area: 5Total shots: 19Shots accuracy: 50%Keys passes: 6Successful Take Ons: 9Chances created: 6last_img

India beat England by 246 runs

first_imgVISAKHAPATNAM, India (AP):India took a 1-0 lead in the best-of-five match series by beating England by 246 runs yesterday to win the second test.India sealed a comprehensive victory after lunch on the fifth and final day, dismissing England for 158 in 97.3 overs.Needing to bat through the final day to salvage a draw after resuming on 87-2, chasing an improbable target of 405 to win, England lost their last eight wickets for just 66 runs, giving up five wickets in the morning session then three more after lunch to concede a heavy defeat.India captain Virat Kohli questioned the opposition’s intent as England focused on batting out more than four sessions to save the match.”You need to show some intent as the pitch gets tougher to bat on,” said Kohli, who was named man of the match after scoring 167 and 81. “Scoring runs in between puts some pressure on the bowlers. It is a basic thing. If you don’t have that intent in the fourth innings, it is tough to play out four and a half sessions (on Days 4 and 5).”England wicketkeeper Jonny Bairstow followed up his first innings half-century to finish unbeaten on 34, but no one outside of England’s top three batsman made double figures.TIGHTEN THE SCREWSRavichandran Ashwin and Jayant Yadav finished with three wickets each, while Mohammed Shami and Ravindra Jadeja got two apiece for India.England made an ominous start to the day when Ben Duckett went early for a duck, caught behind by Wriddhiman Saha off Ashwin with just five added to the overnight total.Moeen Ali made just two before he was caught at backward short leg off Jadeja as India began to tighten the screws.Ben Stokes was bowled for six by off-spinner Yadav after the drinks break, then Shami used the second new ball to get rid of Joe Root (25) and Adil Rashid (4) and leave India in total command.No one bowler stood out on a wearing pitch, and the Indian attack worked as a unit, using the conditions on offer.The home team wrapped up the final three wickets quickly after the lunch interval with Ashwin bowling Zafar Ansari for a duck then Yadav trapping Stuart Broad (5) and James Anderson (0) leg before wicket in successive deliveries.The first test in Rajkot was drawn. The third test starts in Mohali on November 26.last_img read more

RJR/Gleaner netball team, a symbol of new company

first_imgThe struggles and triumph of the newly combined RJR/Gleaner netball team symbolises the trials which the amalgamated entity will undergo during its teething phase and the values required to make a successful combined company, says RJR managing director Gary Allen.The RJR/Gleaner netball team, the first team to represent the newly joint media entities, is a perfect blueprint of how to make the integration a success, says Allen.In their first season as unified partners they took the Business House Intermediate ‘B’ title and placed second behind Division One Business House winners, Scotiabank at the Florida Classic in October.Initially, the coming together of both teams presented difficulties, but team captain Jennifer ‘Jenny Jenny’ Small said with respect, discipline, hard work, team-work, and a winning mentality they achieved the ultimate locally and just fell short of the top prize internationally.Allen added that the girls are an exemplary model for the new RJR/Gleaner marriage.”It’s (team’s success) a very significant accomplishment. It is the first combined effort at anything we have done since we merged and it is the first victory as an amalgamated entity, which psychologically is very important, and this is just the first victory of many I foresee,” he said.”It has been an introductory collaboration between two companies that have come together and it’s a signal to staff that we are going to be successful.”We have come together as two huge institutions and we are going to have issues and challenges, but once we are together like the netball team and the example they set for us, we will overcome and we will be successful,” Allen added.Netball captain, Small, said fusing the teams was strenuous, but they did it through sacrifices, hard work, and incentives.”The bigger history is not only combining successfully but we are champions,” said Small.”It was difficult to put the different personalities, characters, and two teams together. It took a time and knowing each other and learning to respect each other was the biggest part.””We had conflicts and we resolved those quickly, and one thing that worked well was incentives. They got rewarded every match. There were spa treatments, supermarket vouchers and we rewarded MVPs. But I had to learn the weaknesses and strengths of everyone, let them know the team needs them and every girl felt needed and that was what we did to get one unit,” Small explained.Allen said the team and its achievement has been a big part of the integration and their positive values helped them achieve it in short order. Now they want to encourage those values in the work force and achieve the same results.The team’s success has also enhance the company’s already massive image and they intend to continue using sports as a driving force for health and wellness in the organisation.Meanwhile, Small lauded the team’s performance, especially at the Florida Classic where she felt they could have gone one better had the tournament been better arranged.last_img read more

TNT coach Nash Racela fined 10K

first_imgPhoto by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netTNT coach Nash Racela’s actions got him in hot water as he got hit with the PBA’s first wave of infractions in the 2017 PBA Governors’ Cup.The youthful mentor got fined P10,000 for directly addressing PBA commissioner Chito Narvasa during a live game in the KaTropa’s 106-96 win over Kia last Friday.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend LATEST STORIES Racela opted to not issue comments about the matter, saying, “It is what it is.”Blackwater big man Kyle Pascual and Kia bruiser Eric Camson also didn’t get away from the fine spree, as they were penalized P5,000 eachfor their flagrant foul penalty one.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’GlobalPort forward Sean Anthony had to pay P3,000 for flopping, Phoenix shooter Matthew Wright was slapped a P1,000 fine for his technical foul for use of profane language, while Alaska’s Vic Manuel and Star’s Rodney Brondial were meted a P1,000 fine for incurring technical foul for second motion.All in all, P26,000 were collected, all of which will go to the PBA Players’ Trust Fund. Kawhi Leonard, Clippers rally to beat Pelicans ‘I’m out!’: PewDiePie releases last video before taking break from YouTube McGregor blasts Cerrone in 40 seconds in UFC returncenter_img Indian national gunned down in Camarines Sur Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite MOST READ LeBron James scores 31 points, Lakers beat Rockets OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Neymar pledges glory for PSG View commentslast_img read more

Bolts stay unbeaten, keep Picanto winless behind Durham’s triple-double

first_imgPBA IMAGESAllen Durham posted a triple-double and Meralco dumped Kia, 112-97, to gain solo lead in the 2017 PBA Governors’ Cup Sunday night at Smart Araneta Coliseum.Durham collected 25 points, 11 rebounds and 13 assists to lead the Bolts, who upped their mark to 4-0.ADVERTISEMENT Vilma Santos, Luis Manzano warn public of fake account posing as her LATEST STORIES Teen gunned down in Masbate Back on top, Banjo Norte puts bitter past behind Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. 2 nabbed in Bicol drug stings 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano MOST READ Hodge rolled his ankle late in the second quarter while Hugnatan also suffered an ankle injury in at the 3:10 mark of the third quarter. Both did not return.Chris Newsome added 19 points, 11 coming in the opening period, and seven assists for Meralco, which has beaten all of its opponents by double-digits this conference.The Bolts had 31 assists and only 10 turnovers and Black attributed his team’s unselfish play this conference to Durham.“He is really been the one who has led our attempt to be very unselfish this conference. We’ve been averaging around 26 assists a game going into this basketball game,” said Black.Markeith Cummings paced Kia, which dropped to 0-5, with 20 points while Reden Celda had 17 points.ADVERTISEMENT “I thought it was a very good effort from my team today, both offensively and defensively. We really wanted to be very focused going into this game,” said Meralco head coach Norman Black. “We didn’t want to stumble, because our goal is to try to stay in the top four and try to get one of the twice-to-beat advantages.”“I think AD (Durham) should be given a lot of credit for this game. A lot of other players also stepped up today, particularly Amer, and Newsome. But I thought AD was really the difference today as far as our game was concerned,” Black said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’The Picanto kept the game close early but it didn’t take long for the Bolts to assert themselves and take control with a 57-41 halftime lead.Meralco sustained its strong play despite losing two of its key players in Cliff Hodge and Reynel Hugnatan due to injuries. Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano Albay to send off disaster response team to Batangas OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend View commentslast_img read more