淮安大学城足疗一条街在哪里

The hierarchical organisation of sports

first_img Local Organisation Local organisations represent the clubs in their own areas. They act as a link between local clubs and the national governing body. They control their own administrative areas and cater for the parish, district and community. They are responsible for the facilities of the sport in their area of administration. The sport clubs are their affiliates and have to adhere to the guidelines, rules and regulations of the local authority of the sport. The local authority is headed by a president, who is elected by the affiliated clubs. The president represents the clubs in the national organisation. The local sport organisation is responsible for organising competitions, drawing up rules and preventing their abuse, settling disputes, managing and coaching referees and umpires, helping to develop facilities, and maintaining links with the national organisation. IOC’s charge The IOC is charged with upholding the spirit of the Olympic ideals and to: – Educate young people through sport and promote a spirit of understanding. – Spread the Olympic ideals throughout the world. – Bring together performers every four years for an international festival of sports. Other international sport organisation, such as FIFA, IAAF, ICC have similar responsibilities. – Send questions and queries to jenelbro119@hotmail.com International Organisation Sport is a universal activity played all over the world, and thus, it is governed by international bodies that are chosen from member countries. An international organisation such as the IOC is the top committee of the Olympic movement. It is chosen from member countries. Its main jobs are: – To select the cities where the games will be held. – To decide which sport will be included. – To work with the host cities and other bodies to plan the games. – To lead the fight against doping in the sport. National Organisation The national organisation of sport is responsible for dealing with sport at an elite level and issues of national importance. It fulfils its roles through separate bodies such as performance and development; international and major events relations; ethics and anti- doping. It ensures that top athletes receive the highest standard of coaching and support. It also works to attract major events to the country and work with athletes and governing bodies to develop a fair and drug-free environment. Although most governing bodies are firmly based in the voluntary sector, the demands of running a sport mean that many now employ full-time officials and coaches to help develop and organise their sport. Their main roles are: – To consider rule changes, liaise with international organisations over changes in the rules, and are responsible for informing Members of any rule change. – To organise competitions and events, and provide officials for these. – To organise awards and training courses for those who wish to take part: coaches and officials. – To administer, monitor and review disciplinary procedures for those taking part. – To monitor standards and consider any technical aid that could help officials in their work. At national and international levels of competition, national governing bodies: – Organise selection procedures of competitors for national teams. -Organise various qualifying stages and national championships. – Represent the sport at international level and provide information about these events. – Provide sufficient resources for these events. Many sport governing bodies are also members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The organisation of sports is relatively complex and diverse. In order to provide common rules, sport began to develop their own governing bodies. All governing bodies are members or affiliated to larger organisations which encourage the existence of hierarchical relationships. Each sport has governing bodies at many levels such as local, national, regional, and international. For example, football’s local organisation would be the parish association, e.g., the St Elizabeth Football Association (STEFA), which is affiliated with the Jamaica Football Federation (JFF), which is the national body affiliated with the regional body, CONCACAF, and the Federation of International Football Association (FIFA), which is the international organisation for the sport. There are hierarchical responsibilities at each level of sport organisations. Some tend to concentrate on different objectives such as achieving success, whereas others will focus on promoting the sport at grass-roots levels. However, funding and rules are important aspects that they have to administrate at all levels.last_img read more

Arlie Hochschild author of The Outsourced Self Intimate Life in Market Times

first_imgShareMEDIA ADVISORY David Ruth713-348-6327david@rice.edu Jeff Falk713-348-6775jfalk@rice.eduArlie Hochschild, author of ‘The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times,’ to speak at Rice Sept. 20HOUSTON – (Sept. 17, 2012) – Arlie Hochschild, professor emeritus of sociology at the University of California at Berkeley, will discuss her new book, “The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times,” as part of the Gray/Wawro Lecture Series at Rice University Sept. 20. Who:               Author Arlie Hochschild.What:             “The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times,” book signing and discussion.When:             Thursday, Sept. 20, 6 p.m.Where:           Rice University, Duncan Hall, McMurtry Auditorium, 6100 Main St. In addition to “The Outsourced Self,” Hochschild’s books include “The Managed Heart,” “The Second Shift,” “The Time Bind,” “The Commercialization of Intimate Life” and “Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy,” which she co-edited. She is the winner of the 2000 Public Understanding of Sociology Award and the American Sociology Association’s Jessie Bernard Award, which described her work as changing “the contours of knowledge in the social sciences and in public life.” Three of her books have been selected as “notable books of the year” by the New York Times Book Review, and plays have been based on two. Her work has been translated into 15 languages.Through the support of Melanie Gray and Mark Wawro, this lecture series recognizes health as a matter of physical and social well-being and highlights gender as a key factor determining opportunity and quality of life. Each lecture brings to Houston a leading scholar whose work inspires deeper understanding of the gender features underlying urgent health concerns and fosters public conversation that can prompt informed action toward a more just world.Hosted by Rice’s Center for the Study of Women, Gender and Sexuality, the event is free and open to the public. Seating is limited and RSVPs are requested to rsvp.to.cswgs@rice.edu. For a Rice University map and parking information, visit rice.edu/parking. Members of the news media who want to attend should RSVP to Jeff Falk, associate director of national media relations at Rice, at jfalk@rice.edu or 713-348-6775.-30-Located on a 300-acre forested campus in Houston, Rice University is consistently ranked among the nation’s top 20 universities by U.S. News & World Report. Rice has highly respected schools of Architecture, Business, Continuing Studies, Engineering, Humanities, Music, Natural Sciences and Social Sciences and is home to the Baker Institute for Public Policy. With 3,708 undergraduates and 2,374 graduate students, Rice’s undergraduate student-to-faculty ratio is 6-to-1. Its residential college system builds close-knit communities and lifelong friendships, just one reason why Rice has been ranked No. 1 for best quality of life multiple times by the Princeton Review and No. 4 for “best value” among private universities by Kiplinger’s Personal Finance. To read “What they’re saying about Rice,” go to www.rice.edu/nationalmedia/Rice.pdf. AddThislast_img read more