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Geology Fail at India

first_img(Visited 79 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Tiny insects debunk a widely-taught scenario about where India came from.130 million years ago, India began a 30-million-year float trip north. It slammed into Asia, forming the Himalayan mountains. Experts call this the “biotic ferry” model for the origin of India. It must be true, because TV animations prove it.A new problem has surfaced. While India was moving like a big barge out in the open ocean, it was a long way from land. It should have been isolated from African and Asian organisms. India’s ecology should have had 30 million years to evolve on its own. There are many organisms that appear unique to the Indian subcontinent, but scientists publishing in PLoS One examined amber samples from northern India and found something interesting: biting midges dating from that isolation period that are just like the ones in Europe and Asia. These little insects are incapable of flying over the ocean. Phys.org explains the problem:India gradually drifted away from Africa and Madagascar towards the north and collided with the Eurasian plate. Scientists assumed for a long time that the subcontinent was largely isolated during its long journey through the ocean and unique species of plants and animals were therefore able to develop on it. However, paleontologists at the University of Bonn are now showing using tiny midges encased in amber that there must have been a connection between the apparently cut off India and Europe and Asia around 54 million years ago that enabled the creatures to move around. The surprising results are now presented in the journal PLOS ONE.These midges can be assigned to genera from Asian subcontinent, including China. Evolutionary geologists could explain this if they can dream up a mechanism of species exchange during that long time period. Here, they bring in the ad hoc rescue device:Stebner assumes that a chain of islands that existed at that time between India, Europe and Asia could have helped the biting midges to spread. As if from stepping stone to stepping stone, the insects could have gradually moved forward along the islands. “Some of the biting midges found in Indian amber were presumably not especially good long-distance flyers,” smiles the paleontologist from the University of Bonn. It was therefore probably not so easy to reach the subcontinent or move from there during the migration of India.Maybe the midges hitchhiked on the backs of rafting monkeys. That’s how evolutionists explain the origin of New World monkeys: they rafted from Africa (4/27/15). For the midge hitchhiking story, though, 30 million years is a long time to be sucking a monkey sailor’s blood. Usually, other monkeys groom the bugs off.How the insects were able to spread between drifting India and Eurasia has not yet been clarified fully. “Nevertheless, it also seems to have been possible for birds and various groups of mammals to cross the ocean between Europe and India at the time,” the paleontologist refers to studies by other scientists.The journal paper ends by complaining about the lack of evidence for the continental drift theory of India:For helping to understand India´s plate tectonics history the phylogenetic relationships as well as the age of origination of the various clades, and also the knowledge of Asian faunas subsequent to Cambay amber, which is rather fragmentary, are of great importance….Despite the uncertainties discussed above and the fact that the fossil assemblage studied in the present work is rather small, data recorded here display a valuable source of information for Indian amber research, which is still in its beginning, and should be regarded as a small fraction of a puzzle that still is far from being complete.Will Big Media include this uncertainty in its TV documentaries? Probably not. It would take up too much valuable commercial time.One possibility they will never consider is that India moved much faster during plate tectonics. Flood geologists have a theory for that. It doesn’t require tens of millions of years; just one year. Problem solved. See Walt Brown’s page about little-known problems with standard plate tectonics theory.last_img read more

South Africa eyes Islamic bond issue

first_imgInterested service providers are expected to submit proposals by 21 December 2011, with the shortlisted bidders set to be informed by 20 January 2012. The successful bidder will also have to market the bond to investors, indicate underwriting and market-making appetite, facilitate the book building process and provide any additional services required to successfully launch the bond. “Sukuk can be structured alongside different techniques. While a conventional bond is a promise to repay a loan, Sukuk constitutes partial ownership in a debt (Sukuk Murabaha), asset (Sukuk Al Ijara), project (Sukuk Al Istisna), business (Sukuk Al Musharaka), or investment (Sukuk Al Istithmar),” the website states. 7 December 2011 Apart from providing advice, the successful bidder will be required to structure, manage and coordinate the issuance of the Sukuk. It will also be responsible for obtaining relevant regulatory approvals, as well as securing a listing for the bond both locally and internationally. According to online encyclopaedia Wikipedia, fixed income, interest-bearing bonds are not permissible in Islam, so Sukuk securities are structured to comply with the Islamic law and its investment principles, which prohibits the charging or paying of interest. According to the Treasury, the invitation is in line with its intention to diversify its funding and investor base. Complying with Islamic law “There is a great interest in the Sukuk market and this is the first step towards meeting the growing appetite for government backed Shariah compliant investments,” Treasury Director-General Lungisa Fuzile said in a statement this week. South Africa’s National Treasury has invited banking institutions to submit proposals to assist in providing advisory services and in the structuring and issuance of a government Islamic bond, or Sukuk, in both local and international markets. SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

High-Solar-Gain Glazing

first_imgHomeowners can now receive a federal tax credit for 30% of the cost of new energy-efficient windows. The credit was authorized by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) signed by President Obama in February.There’s just one problem with the new tax credit: the specifications for eligible windows were crafted by politicians, not window experts. The ARRA stipulates that eligible windows must have a maximum U-factor of 0.30 and a maximum solar heat-gain coefficient (SHGC) of 0.30 — requirements that have been dubbed “the 30-30 provision.”There’s nothing wrong with the U-factor specification — except, perhaps, that it isn’t particularly stringent. The problematic provision is the SHGC spec.By setting a maximum SHGC of 0.30, the ARRA actually excludes the best windows for cold climates. Cold-climate homes need windows with a SHGC in the range of 0.39 to 0.65; so if they comply with the tax-credit provisions, they’ll end up with windows that contribute to higher-than-necessary energy bills.In Florida, solar heat gain from windows increases a home’s air conditioning load, so low-solar-gain windows are usually the best choice. Even in hot climates, however, high-solar-gain windows usually save energy during the winter.Although some high-solar-gain windows — especially those facing east or west — can cause summer overheating, south-facing windows rarely cause overheating problems, especially if the windows are protected by a well designed roof overhang.Since the average American family spends far more on space heating than on air conditioning, installing high-solar-gain windows on south walls makes sense for much of the country. Yet most U.S. window manufacturers have all but abandoned the market for high-solar-gain windows.During the 1980s, glazing manufacturers perfected spectrally selective coatings that made it possible to produce low-solar-gain insulated glazing. During the 1990s, as builders in hot climates learned how these coatings reduced cooling loads, low-solar-gain glazing… This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Start Free Trial Already a member? Log incenter_img Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.last_img read more

Big Data: Red Hat’s Jim Whitehurst Looks 20 Years Into The Future

first_img3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Tags:#Big Data#Open Source#Red Hat Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… Jim Whitehurst, CEO of Linux vendor Red Hat, has never been shy about sharing his vision of the future of enterprise technology. But at a recent lunch in San Francisco, Whitehurst extended his outlook well beyond the next quarter or two – he looked ahead two decades to predict big changes in the balance of power in enterprise technology – and wonder about how we’re going to get there.(See also 7 Open Source Questions With Red Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst.)Who Will Own Big Data?In 20 years, Whitehurst predicted, Big Data will have gone mainstream. We will be increasingly able to use analytics to better orchestrate how a business collects, analyzes and distributes information. Bascially, everything important about how it operates.Who will be the winners and losers in such a world, Whitehurst wondered?Will there be a couple of big winners? Giant companies like IBM, for example, that are able to supply that kind of analysis to a wide variety of customers?Or will we have lots of small, vertical applications that leverage insight into particular products and markets?Who Will Own Enterprise Technology?For the enterprise, Whitehurst said, the challenge is to use that Big Data to do everything from marketing to logistics and beyond. And then the question becomes who in the enterprise will be responsible for it? Will the Line of Businesss (LoB) owner get the data from something that resembles today’s IT organization? Or will Chief Marketing Officers buy the technology they need directly from those Big Data service providers mentioned above?If that’s the case, Whitehurst asked, Why have a CMO and a CIO? Why not have a single marketing/analytics organization? Instead of having a separate IT organization, they merge, leaving just a rump IT organization that is primarily in charge of support.Either way, Whitehurst predicted, it’s the data scientists who are in charge. The only question is whether they work in a central IT (or IT/marketing) department or directly in the Lines of Business. Whether those essential functions are company wide or organized around vertical markets. “The lines blur,” Whitehurst said.Big Changes For The IT “Factory?”How it plays out depends on which side does a better job of leveraging Big Data: “Will marketing get tech or will tech learn business?” Whitehurst asked.The challenge for CIOs, if they want to remain in the picture, is to find a way to bring in business people – not just tech people, Whitehurst said. And to change the structure of their organization to deal with the new reality.Fact is, Whitehurst said, most IT shops today feel like factories. They look like manufacturing operations, organizationally and culturally in terms of process and quality. “Marketing organizations don’t work like that,” Whitehurst noted.Of course, marketing has its own challenges: “IT vendors try to hide the complexity,” Whitehurst said, but “dealing with Big Data is still a different skill set from traditional marketing.”Information Changes Who Gets RichThese aren’t merely academic questions. In fact, Big Data is likely to become the core of many businesses, Whitehurst said.He cited the CEO of a big retail chain who told him that, “my entire business is about ‘How many red sweaters in size XXL should we have in a store in zip code [60611] in March.’ Everything else is seconday to that kind of interactive data query.”There’s more. The creation of true information businesses leads to a massive bifurcation of wealth, Whitehurst said. As we build a new productivity system around information, more wealth goes to companies that produce the data-collection and analytics expertise – and less to the end customers, who end up being genericized. (Whitehurst credited Marc Andreessen for the idea that “Software Eats The World.”)Where will that expertise come from? Most companies will use outside sources, unless they can create a competitive advantage by doing it themselves.And in that scenario, who is supplying the competitive advantage? Who makes the money when the real value is in the information analysis, not the end-user organization?“In 20 years, I think it’s decentralized,” Whitehurst said. “Right now, XYZ industries may have a source of competitive advantage. But data analytics pulls value away from that.”Whitehurst came to Red Hat from Delta Airlines, and he uses the airline industry as an example. In the era of value management and global distribution, he said, airlines are losing the ability to gain competitive advantage. In an online booking system, “Your brand is reduced to a two-letter code at the moment of purchase.” It’s barely a factor in the buying decision, it’s all about price.That kind of wealth and power transfer will play out in industry after industry over the next 20 years, Whitehurst predicted. The share of GDP in software keeps growing very quickly, he said, and “very few companies can invest in IT that is better than what the leaders offer.”That means that the technology industry’s share of global profit will grow, Whitehurst said, even as the industry becomes less structured, predictable and controlled. Instead, it becomes a more chaotic, wide-open marketplace, like Silicon Valley… or the open source community.Not an entirely surprising viewpoint for the head of an open-source software company.Bonus Question: Who does Red Hat Really Compete Against?Forget Microsoft’s ongoing battles against Linux. According to Whitehurst, “We rarely compete with Microsoft.” The two companies address “different workloads” and address “different parts of the datacenter.”“We never compete on deals, Whitehurst said, “If they hate us, I’m not sure why.” After all, “If it weren’t for Linux, they would probably have massive Department of Justice issues.”So who does hate Red Hat?Whitehurst fingers Oracle. “They’re turned their guns on Linux,” he said, “so we don’t go to market much with them.”But Whitehurst claims that he doesn’t think a lot about Red Hat’s market share vs. competitors. Instead, he says, he looks at larger issues like Linux vs. UNIX, free vs. paid and how to address new enterprise IT workloads.Lead image by Fredric Paul.center_img fredric paul IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Related Posts last_img read more

Rivalry paused as Perez joins Bolick’s trek to pro league

first_imgSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netOf all the times that the careers of CJ Perez and Robert Bolick intersected, there is one point that makes the Lyceum star feel like his career is irreversibly linked to that of his NCAA rival from San Beda.“Personally, I feel like we’re motivated to prove the teams who who didn’t take enough risk with us [and see] what we’re really made of,” Perez told the Inquirer on Friday.ADVERTISEMENT Top two volleyball clubs in Superliga collide in yet another championship duel Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue Add one more: On Sunday, they both step on the same stage—one that opens a new arc in their hoop stories.Perez, Bolick and Ray Parks Jr., are projected to be the top three picks in Sunday’s PBA Rookie Draft.They’ve come across each other a lot of times that Perez joked: “Actually, during the Draft combine, I no longer wanted to guard him.”“We’ve been doing that for quite some time. Though I’m honored to have played against Robert in my collegiate career.”But whatever rivalry they had in college will have to wait to blossom in the pros.ADVERTISEMENT “We bounced around schools, right?” he added.While Bolick spent a lot of minutes on the bench with La Salle before blossoming into a clutch leader with the Lions, Perez jumped from San Sebastian to Ateneo before finding a home with the Pirates.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefIt is just one of the similarities both cagers share.They’ve battled in the last two NCAA title duels—Bolick won both—and were named to the national team pool for the 2023 Basketball World Cup, which the country is hosting. MOST READcenter_img TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño Lacson: 2019 budget delay due to P75-B House ‘insertion’ PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss “I think we’ll have to start over. We’re all rookies going to take up roles in the PBA. Very rare are the ones who are immediate stars in the league,” he noted.  “There’s no rivalry, for now.”Perez, now 25, puts everything else on hold as he focuses on his newborn child and the the milestone he’s about to hit next week.“I still can’t believe I’m going to the PBA. I’ve been in college for quite a while so I wasn’t really expecting I’ll be here,” he said.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View commentslast_img read more

Delivery of Worlds 1st LNGPowered Cruise Ship Postponed

first_imgzoomImage Courtesy: Meyer Werft The delivery of the world’s first cruise ship to be powered solely by LNG, AIDAnova, will be delayed, German shipbuilder Meyer Werft said.The shipbuilder explained that it would need more time to thoroughly test all of the ship’s systems in order to ensure smooth operation of this technologically complex vessel. As such the ship’s sea trials and scheduled delivery had to be pushed, however, the new delivery date has not been specified.Meyer Werft added that it regrets the change in delivery schedule, however, the action is necessary to ensure the quality of all the ship’s systems.Earlier this month, AIDAnova, was transferred to Eemshaven, Netherlands, where it will undergo final outfitting.The ship was scheduled for delivery to Aida Cruises in November, and was supposed to visit the Hanseatic City on the Elbe in December, after which it was scheduled to start its maiden cruises in Gran Canaria.Featuring a length of 337 meters and a width of 42 meters, the 180,000 tonne ship is able to accommodate 6,600 passengers.last_img read more

Damian Lewis Visits Princes Trust

first_imgApril, May and June have seen The Prince’s Trust celebrating the 30th anniversary of their Enterprise programme. The Prince’s Trust has helped 80,000 young people set up in business since 1983, with support from funders including RBS.Damian Lewis and Helen McCrory Visit Prince’s TrustCredit/Copyright: Prince’s TrustAs part of the campaign we invited Prince’s Trust Ambassadors Damian Lewis and Helen McCrory to meet a group of seven of those young people.During the hour and a half session, which took place in the new head office in Liverpool Street, Damian and Helen listened to the young people talk about their individual journeys to setting up as their own boss and shared advice on confidence and resilience.Damian took time to understand how the Enterprise programme works, saying: “The Enterprise programme gives people hope, gives people a positive experience of life and an experience of a healthy self worth, possibly for the first time in their lives.”To raise awareness of the Enterprise programme, the visit was covered by journalist Robert Crampton in his column for Times 2. After the session, Helen McCrory expressed how impressed she was with the transformation these young people had made, “To be setting up your own business, to me is the very definition of self confidence and self belief.”The Prince’s Trust Enterprise programme supports disadvantaged young people, aged 18-30 years old, who are interested in starting a business. Young people are offered mentoring support and a low-interest loan. With three in four young people supported by The Prince’s Trust moving into work, education or training.Find out more about the 30th anniversary of Enterprise campaign by visiting www.princes-trust.org.uk/30enterprise.Source:Prince’s Trustlast_img read more

THIS IS GOING TO BE A BIG PRODUCTION AMAZON STUDIOS SCIFI TV

first_imgThere’s no word yet on when it will start shooting or who will star in the series.But Nicole Matiation, executive director director of the industry association On Screen Manitoba, said the production — co-produced with Fox 21 Television Studios — is a serious coup for the province and will result in hundreds of skilled jobs.“We know that they’re going to be shooting in multiple locations. They’re in a variety of different spaces in Winnipeg, building sets, because it is a very large series and there will be a number of sets built,” she said.“This is going to be a big production.”According to a description of the Tales from the Loop narrative art book, the story is a “journey through various country and city landscapes — from small towns in Sweden and the deserts of Nevada to the bitter chill of Siberia — where children explore and engage with abandoned robots, vehicles, and machinery large and small, while dinosaurs and other creatures wander … roads and fields.”Stalenhag’s paintings and stories take place in an alternate version of Sweden in the ’80s and ’90s and involve the development of the Loop, a large particle accelerator, and its side effects.Matiation believes Manitoba was chosen because the province’s tax credit for film and video productions is now permanent and producers can count on it year after year.The province has also recently been the shooting location for TV series like CBC’s Burden of Truth and NBC’s Channel Zero.Amazon Studios has produced acclaimed TV series such as The Marvelous Mrs. Maiseland The Man in the High Castle. Login/Register With: Facebook Advertisement Advertisement Advertisementcenter_img LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment The science fiction drama is based on the work of Swedish painter Simon Stalenhag, who blends elements of futuristic science-fiction with images of rural life. (Amazon Studios) A multimillion-dollar Amazon TV series, Tales from the Loop, is coming to Manitoba.The drama is spawned from the work of Swedish artist Simon Stalenhag, who blends elements of futuristic science-fiction with images of rural life.It is a very large series and there will be a number of sets built.– Nicole Matiation, On Screen ManitobaAccording to Variety, the series is to be executive produced by Nathaniel Halpern, who is the writer behind the FX superhero fantasy TV series Legion. Twitterlast_img read more

Rep Howrylak to host consumer education event on May 11

first_img03May Rep. Howrylak to host consumer education event on May 11 Categories: Howrylak News State Rep. Martin Howrylak of Troy is partnering with the Michigan attorney general’s office to host a consumer education event on Friday, May 11.This month’s presentation will feature information on phone, mail and e-scams and how to avoid being victimized from these crimes.“I hope to provide a learning opportunity for citizens of all ages so they can recognize the warning signs of potential scams and how to avoid them,” Rep. Howrylak said.There is no charge to attend and a light lunch will be provided. The event starts at 11 a.m. at Clawson’s Hunter Community Center located at 509 Fisher Court. Individuals looking for more information may contact Rep. Howrylak’s office toll-free at (877) 248-0001 or by emailing [email protected]last_img read more