first_imgCouncillor Ciaran Brogan has admitted that the handling of the Victor Fisher affair has not been in the best interest of the Fianna Fail party locally.Councillor Victor FisherDefending the former Lord Mayor of Letterkenny, Cllr Brogan said the local businessman’s loyalty to Fianna Fail could never be questioned.Cllr Fisher quit the party he has served for more than 40 years after Fianna Fail failed to select his son to stand in the forthcoming local elections. Cllr Brogan admitted to Donegal Daily “It is disappointing the way it has happened and it has not been in the best interest of the Fianna Fail party.“I feel strongly about this and my position is crystal clear on it.“It could have been handled better and I will say that publicly.“Victor Fisher’s loyalty to Fianna Fail never swayed and for many people he was the public face of the party on the Main Street. “I would have worked closely with him and I genuinely feel for him.”Councillor Brogan spoke out after Fisher resigned from the party when they failed to select his son David to run in the forthcoming local elections.He claims he was shafted by the Fianna Fail party and is now considering standing as an Independent himself.The four candidates to stand for Fianna Fail in the Letterkenny/Milford electoral area are Ciaran Brogan, Liam Blaney, John Watson and James Pat McDaid. HANDLING OF FISHER AFFAIR NOT IN BEST INTEREST OF FIANNA FAIL – BROGAN was last modified: March 21st, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Cllr Ciaran BroganClr Victor Fisherfianna faillast_img read more

Gardaí appeal for witnesses to late night Letterkenny attack

first_imgGardaí in Letterkenny have renewed their appeal for information following an apparent ‘unprovoked’ attack on Monday morning.Two men were hospitalised as a result of the incident outside a nightclub on Lower Main Street.“It is believed that a male suffered a head injury as a result of a blow to the head, which subsequently resulted in him falling and hitting his head off the concrete,” Garda Grainne Doherty said during this week’s Garda community notices.  While the investigation is at an early stage it is believed this was an unprovoked attack, Gda Doherty said.“A second male was taken to hospital with injuries linked to the incident. His involvement in the incident is under investigation at present,” Gda Doherty said.The attacked occurred between 2.45am and 2.50am in the early hours of Monday 29th April.CCTV and witness statements are being analysed, while Gardaí are appealing to taxi drivers or people who were outside the nightclub to come forward if they have any information relating to the incident. Anyone with information is asked to contact Letterkenny Garda Station on 0749167100 or the Garda Confidential Line 1800 666 111.  Gardaí appeal for witnesses to late night Letterkenny attack was last modified: May 2nd, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Did Nature Dictate Biological Codes?

first_imgPangloss was a character in Voltaire’s Candide made to caricature philosophers who give simplistic, optimistic answers to difficult questions.  Dr. Pangloss was fond of saying, a la Leibniz, that we live in the best of all possible worlds.  One evolutionist described a theory by two other evolutionists as possibly a “Panglossian argument” about the origin of life.  It was reported in Wired Science.    Ralph Pudritz and Paul Higgs of McMaster University in Ontario, Canada recently published a theory of biological determinism: namely, that certain amino acids, being more thermodynamically likely than others, might lead to a universal code of life.  If amino acid formation leads to a preponderance of certain types over others, whether formed in meteorites, deep-sea vents or spark-discharge experiments like the famous one by Stanley Miller, then perhaps all life in space is constructed on the same building blocks.  The idea is “necessarily speculative,” Pudritz admitted, but “This may implicate a universal structure of the first genetic codes anywhere.”    Wired Science reporter Brandon Keim, wielding robust faith in the power of Darwinian selection, and a swift parry of the purpose-driven life, elaborated:Pudritz and Higgs speculate that these 10 common amino acids met the needs of the earliest replicating molecules, with other, rarer acids used by the nascent genetic code as they formed or arrived – a process called “stepwise evolution,” culminating in the genes that gathered 3.6 billion years ago in a common ancestor of all complex life.This is what Harvard biologist Irene Chen found a bit Candidian.  She thought the idea is “interesting,” but then said, “in the absence of some experimental backup, it’s generally difficult to know if this kind of analysis is a Panglossian argument.” Inspired by Drs. Pudritz and Higgs, we have a speculative theory for the origin of English.  Certain letters are easier to write than others.  The letters l, c, i, n, o, u, v, x and z are more likely to be found in nature.  These organized themselves into the common ancestor of all English novels and scientific papers.  In a process of stepwise evolution, the rarer letters used by the nascent language were incorporated as they formed or arrived, culminating in the memes that gathered 500,000 years ago in the evolving brain of Homo erectus (04/08/2009).  Since these met the needs of the earliest replicating memes of the time, natural selection led to a scientific paper that explained its emergence without the need for designers like Pudritz and Higgs.  This is the best of all possible worldly explanations to shield evolutionary theory from falsification, says Dr. Pangloss.(Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

South Africa’s chemicals industry

first_imgSouth Africa’s chemicals industry, including fuel and plastics fabrication as well as pharmaceuticals, is the largest of its kind in Africa, and has been identified by the government as a key driver of economic growth.The global chemical industry has an estimated value of more than $4,12-trillion and has grown over two-fold from 2000 to 2010. (Image: Flickr)Brand South Africa Reporter, incorporating material from the South African YearbookSouth Africa’s industry, the largest of its kind in Africa, is highly complex and widely diverse, spanning fuel and plastics fabrication to pharmaceuticals.It is of substantial significance to the South African economy, and a key component of the country’s industrial base. Petroleum, chemical products, rubber and plastic products contributed R318-million to the GDP in 2011, which is about 23% of total manufacturing sales (Statistics SA, 2012). It employs around 200 000 people.The global chemical industry has an estimated value of more than $4,12-trillion and has grown over two-fold from 2000 to 2010 (American Chemistry Council, 2011). While Africa’s contribution is small, the chemicals sector is expected to play an increasingly important role in African economies. It is a key component of the country’s industrial base, with synthetic coal and natural gas-based liquid fuels and petrochemicals dominating the industry. South Africa is the world leader in coal-based synthesis and gas-to-liquids technologies.But while the upstream sector is concentrated and well developed, the downstream sector – although diverse – remains relatively underdeveloped. There is potential in processing raw feedstock, which South Africa already exports in significant quantities.South Africa is among the most cost-effective producers of ethylene and propylene in the world, thanks to abundant access to low-grade coal and leading-edge process technology.The primary and secondary sectors are dominated by Sasol (through Sasol Chemical Industries and Sasol Polymers), AECI and Dow Sentrachem. These companies have expanded their interests in tertiary products, especially those with export potential.PlasticsSouth Africa’s plastics sector mainly comprises small firms, due to the ease of entry. Plastics manufacturing contributed approximately 0.6 % to South Africa’s GDP, and 3% to manufacturing sales. Value added in the plastics sector was R9,2 billion in 2009, and the sector employs around 33 000 people (IPAP, 2009).Key areas of opportunity for growing the sector include: automotive (carpets, dashboards, bumpers and mirror casings); packaging; medical (drips and syringes); building (pipes, flooring, building sheet, sanitation, woven/netted bags); and electrical and electronics (cables, appliances and casing components).PharmaceuticalsWhile the South African pharmaceutical market is only 0,35% of the global market, it is also the world’s largest market for anti-retrovirals with an estimated 1,06-million adults and more than 105 000 children receiving state-sponsored antiretroviral treatment in 2010.This presents a significant opportunity for the domestic production of key pharmaceutical ingredients. Major pharmaceutical players here include Merck, Sanofi- aventis, Aspen and Cipla Medpro.Under the Industrial Policy Action Plan, the Department of Trade and Industry is supporting the development of scientific and technological skills necessary to encourage growth and progress.Download the Industrial Policy Action Plan 2Gas-to-liquid technologiesSouth Africa is a world leader in coal-based synthesis and gas-to-liquid technologies. It is among the lowest-cost producers of ethylene and propylene in the world, thanks to abundant access to low-grade coal and leading-edge process technology.Environmental concernsConsideration for the environment is a key factor in the development of the chemicals sector. South Africa has adopted first-world standards in its environmental policies, introducing regulations to promote co-operative environmental management and providing guidelines for the disposal of hazardous waste.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Delhi is a super megapolis

first_imgMy family first set up home in what was soon to become New Delhi, the new capital of British India, over a century ago. While our family’s main home continued to be in north-western Punjab, in the Sindh Sagar Doab, the family enterprise set up by Sardar Bahadur Sujan Singh,My family first set up home in what was soon to become New Delhi, the new capital of British India, over a century ago. While our family’s main home continued to be in north-western Punjab, in the Sindh Sagar Doab, the family enterprise set up by Sardar Bahadur Sujan Singh (1857-1929) had won the contracts to build the majority of the new imperial capital. Growing up in Delhi with a large gaggle of cousins of varying ages in Sujan Singh Park was great fun. Almost every evening we played cricket, football and even cycle polo in the lawns after which, sometimes, one of my great-uncles would lay on a super high-tea in the garden, served by his turbaned, liveried butler. A number of uncles and aunts would join in the fun. School was walking distance from home-The Junior Modern School-and after graduating from primary school we all took the bus to Modern School, Barakhamba Road.My parents felt that learning various games and sports was an essential part of my upbringing and thus I was enrolled in numerous classes including tennis, golf, swimming, equestrian and polo. Some of my happiest memories are learning to ride at the President’s Bodyguard Parade Ground, which at the time, functioned as a Polo Club. It was here that I used to ride on the trails of the Delhi Ridge with my father, and also where I first learnt to play the sport, which has become an enduring passion.Before I was born, my parents had fallen in love with Ranthambore Tiger Reserve and with its easy connectivity to Delhi, that was where we went most. I was regularly pulled out of school for a ‘jungle-education’ which has held me in good stead for the career I eventually chose. This apart, even within Delhi, I was taken on walks around the numerous historical sites that make up this extraordinarily historical city. Sadly, as Delhi grew our urban planners let us down with unplanned development, shoddy infrastructure, and horrid architecture. If only the blueprint of the original New Delhi had been used, of course adapted to the times, we would have had a much more pleasing city. That having been said, there is still no other city in India where I would rather live. Delhi is now a vibrant, multicultural, ‘super-megapolis’ with interesting people from all walks of life. There are few places in India where one can meet such a diverse array of people in the same room; from politicians to artists, thinkers and entrepreneurs. My children Sujan and Amrit who were born in New Delhi are the 6th generation of our family to live in this layered and ever evolving capital of India.advertisementThe author is Chief Executive Sujanlast_img read more

Greek Basketball Legend Nick Galis at the 7th Navarino Challenge

first_imgATHENS – For the 7th consecutive year, Navarino Challenge, the annual celebration of sports, comes to Messinia and Costa Navarino October 11-13 with new surprises and new activities.Greek basketball legend Nick Galis, the first Greek basketball player inducted into the Hall of Fame, and to have been counted among the pantheon of world basketball greats, will be present at the award-winning event for the first time. Emphasizing the role of sports in bringing people together, Nick Galis pointed out: “Sport unites people. Sport unites nations.The Navarino Challenge brings together professional and amateur athletes, people of different ages, genders and skills. It creates friendships and special bonds between participants who all speak the same language, that of sports. As a society, we have to send the message that sports unites people – #sportsunitespeople – but to also give young children core ethical values through sport. Costa Navarino and Navarino Challenge are pioneers in promoting this idea and I will contribute to spreading the message with great pleasure.”Euroleague legend Joe Arlauckas leads basketball clinic for kids at the Navarino Challenge. Photo by Mike TsolisGalis will be the guest of honor at this year’s event and he will also tip off the 4on4 tournament at Costa Navarino. Participants who book their accommodation package at The Westin Resort Costa Navarino will, for the first time this year, have the opportunity to form their own championship team and compete in the tournament until the finals.Basketball clinic with Joe ArlauckasBasketball will be the sport of honor with Euroleague legend Joe Arlaukas leading basketball lessons for children aged between 5 and 17.Free admission in the Authentic Marathon of Athens for the first 50The first 50 to book a package at The Westin Resort Costa Navarino will earn a free admission in the Athens Authentic Marathon’s 5km race on November 10, 2019. With the main goal of promoting sport and fair play through its message “sport unites people,” Navarino Challenge will include more than 10 Olympic sports and numerous activities for everyone in its program.The Westin Resort Costa Navarino. Photo by Elias LefasNavarino Challenge participants who’ve booked their accommodation package at The Westin Resort Costa Navarino and choose to take part in the main activities (running, swimming) can also enjoy all the other event activities. More information on accommodation packages can be found on the following online: http://www.navarinochallenge.com/accommodation-packages-2019Runners and swimmers can act immediately to take advantage of the early bird offer by registering to a 30% discount until May 31 (children’s participation is free of charge).Entries for the award-winning sporting event are underway and interested parties can take part by completing the special form available at the following link: http://activemedia.com.gr/product/navarino-challenge-2019/.Pre-sale is also available online via www.viva.gr or by phone at 11876 as well as at all Viva pre-sale points.Samsung is the official technology partner for another year. Official sponsors of the event are Ford Motor Hellas and the Natural Mineral Water Vikos. Luanvi is the official sports supplier of the event for one more year.Westin Premium Suite. Photo: Courtesy of Navarino ChallengeOfficial supporters are Municipality of Pylos-Nestor, Poseidonia, and Avance Rent A Car.  Navarino Challenge has joined the Greek actions of the #BeactiveHellas 2019 program of the European Commission and is under the auspices of the General Secretariat of Sports.Navarino Challenge is co-organized by Costa Navarino, The Westin Resort Costa Navarino and Active Media Group with the support of the Municipalities of Pylos-Nestor and Trifilia.Hashtags: #navarinochallenge #costanavarino #sportsunitepeople #eatwell #runwell #livewellTweetPinShare237237 Shareslast_img read more

Where Cheerleading Ranks in Safety Among High School Sports

Cheerleading falls in the middle of the pack. The total concussion rate across all girls sports is 41 concussions per 100,000 competition athlete exposures; cheerleading has a rate that’s about three-tenths of that.But when we factor in concussions accumulated in practice, we see something interesting. In every sport except cheerleading, the rate drops steeply — concussions in practice happen about one-sixth as often as concussions in competition. Cheerleading was the only sport of the 20 surveyed that had a higher risk of concussion in practice (14 per 100,000) than in competition (12 per 100,000).“When we delve into the data more closely, we can actually find out where practice-related concussions are occurring,” Comstock said. “With cheerleading, they’re occurring all over the place. They’re occurring on asphalt, on grass, on tile. And if you think about it, if cheerleading isn’t considered a sport, [it] may not be afforded the same resources — even for practice — as other sports.”Here’s Comstock’s theory on why the injury rate is higher during practice: If cheerleading isn’t officially designated as a sport at a school, there are better odds that the team isn’t practicing on athletic mats and instead setting up in, say, a parking lot or school cafeteria. In competition, however, the students are likely to be on proper mats and therefore less likely to be at risk for getting a concussion. The reports from the 2011 catastrophic injury study at UNC seem to back this up; a high number of the injuries seem to occur both during practice and also as a result of contact with a hard surface.What does that mean? “Recognizing cheerleading as a sport may actually make the sport safer because they should then be given a designated space to practice,” Comstock said. Official sport status means that money, equipment and resources come from schools, not necessarily from the cheerleaders themselves or alternative sources.Is there a difference in concussion and injury rates between the 35 states that have made cheerleading a sport and the 15 that haven’t? We don’t know, because the data doesn’t exist for that kind of determination yet. But Comstock’s team is working on it.Although the raw-injury count in cheerleading may tell a headline-grabbing story, it’s important to look at those numbers in context. Yes, catastrophic injuries happen, as do concussions. But keeping in mind that a lot of kids are cheerleading — and that every day we may take risks that have even grimmer statistics — we can get a better picture of the actual risks involved. Think of a dangerous high school sport, and football is probably the first that comes to mind. You might not think of those students in uniform on the sidelines, cheering for the players.And yet cheerleading isn’t as safe as you might think, which was one of the reasons New York State — following 34 other states and Washington, D.C. — reclassified it as an official school sport last month.Media coverage of the New York decision largely focused on athlete safety — in some cases referring to cheerleading as one of the most dangerous sports. The raw statistic that cheerleading accounts for two-thirds of all catastrophic injuries among female high school athletes was repeated by news outlets across New York.1Consider: New York’s CBS Local, The Buffalo News, the New York State Sportswriters Association, The Wall Street Journal, MyFoxNY, The Suffolk Times, The Daily Gazette, the Times Union, etc. Some, like The Wall Street Journal here, showed an iteration of a chart similar to this:The data for this chart was pulled from the 29th annual report from the National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research, an independent research body at the University of North Carolina.2This 2011 report, written by Frederick O. Muller of UNC and Robert C. Cantu of Emerson Hospital in Massachusetts, contains a section on cheerleading. The center classifies catastrophic injuries as either “serious,” “nonfatal” or “fatal.” An injury is considered serious when it’s severe but has no ongoing functional disability. For example, a 17-year-old cheerleader in 1998 attempted a back flip, slipped on wet artificial turf and landed on her head, shocking her spinal cord and causing temporary paralysis. Nonfatal injuries lead to permanent disabilities. Fatal injuries need no explanation.But it’s not the raw numbers that should scare people. (These numbers are misleading, as I’ll explain in a bit.) Rather, it’s how these cheerleaders are getting injured that should warrant concern.Cheerleading is different from every other high school sport (for which there is injury-tracking data) in one critical way: More cheerleaders are getting injured during practice than in competition. And that’s why cheerleading’s official designation as a sport could go a long way toward reducing the number of injuries that make it risky.The earliest incarnation of high school cheerleading — think girls in school-letter sweaters and thick skirts encouraging a football team — has morphed into a hypercompetitive and acrobatic institution. And all the flips, throws, jumps and human pyramids have resulted in more injuries. A lot more injuries. That’s why it has been seductive for media organizations to report raw numbers.But it’s the rate of injury that matters.3To determine the rate, we can divide the number of injuries in a given period by the number of participants in that given period, and multiply by 100,000 to determine the injury rate per 100,000 participants.A rate makes a world of difference in how people interpret dangers and risks. For example, if I told you there were 179 unprovoked shark attacks in the U.S. from 2006 to 2010, you might get frightened. But when I turn that into a rate — by factoring in that 200 million people visit beaches every year, and they visit multiple times — it shows that the probability of being attacked by a shark is one in 11.5 million. That’s much less frightening.Similarly, when we factor in how many high-schoolers are participating in cheerleading, we get a different perspective on “the most dangerous sport” narrative.4Finding participation numbers for cheerleading isn’t easy, especially because for decades, it wasn’t considered a sport (and still isn’t in many states) and thus keeping a tally on athletes wasn’t necessarily required. The authors of the National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research report admitted difficulty in finding an accurate number of competitive cheerleaders, which is crucial for determining a rate.The authors of the report I referred to earlier cited two participation numbers in cheerleading. A 2009 news release by the National Federation of State High School Associations said there were 400,000 high school cheerleaders in the U.S. (The number, however, didn’t distinguish between competitive and noncompetitive cheerleaders.) A 2010-11 high school participation survey showed significantly lower participation: 96,718 girls and 2,846 boys for a total of nearly 100,000 participants in competitive cheerleading squads.The authors decided to go with the 100,000 count in estimating the rate of injury. Because there was one catastrophic injury that school year, they said the effective rate was one catastrophic injury per 100,000 participants. Had they gone with the more inclusive estimate, they would get 0.25 catastrophic injuries per 100,000 participants. A couple of years earlier, study co-author Frederick Mueller told The Washington Post that he estimated the rate from 1982 to 2007 to be 2.68 catastrophic injuries per 100,000 high school participants, a figure derived by dividing the 67 known catastrophic injuries by an estimate of 2.5 million high school cheerleaders over the 25 years. Compare those rates with these other high school sports:It’s crucial to get perspective on these numbers. Let’s assume that Mueller’s estimate — 2.68 catastrophic injuries for every 100,000 high school cheerleaders — is accurate. In comparison, each year 17.9 of every 100,000 New York state residents are hospitalized for traffic-related pedestrian injuries — nearly seven times higher than the upper-bound catastrophic-injury rate for high school cheerleaders. So, even if cheerleading is the most dangerous high school sport, it might be less dangerous than walking to work.But what about more common, non-catastrophic injuries, like concussions?Dawn Comstock, a professor at the Colorado School of Public Health in Denver, runs High School RIO, a national database that has monitored 20 high school sports since 2005. She referred me to a 2012 paper published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine. The paper, based on High School RIO data, looked at concussions among high school athletes — where they occurred (in practice or competition) and in what sport — as well as participation rates during the 2008-10 school years. The finding?“Cheerleading is not nearly as dangerous a sport as some of the previous research painted it to be,” Comstock said. “It has the 10th-highest concussion rate of the 20.”Concussions are a compelling data set for tracking the dangers of a sport because they’re relatively common, and yet they’re severe enough to be reported (as opposed to, say, sprains and strains). But they often don’t have long-term impact. Here are the competition concussion rates per 100,000 athlete exposures:5An athlete exposure is defined as one athlete participating in one game or practice. Boys Volleyball was not included in the chart because no concussions were reported. read more

Its official Foden signs new City deal

first_imgManchester City midfielder Phil Foden has signed a new five-and-a-half-year deal that could keep him at the club until the summer of 2024.Foden is regarded as one of the brightest youngsters in English football and the Premier League champions have moved to secure his long-term future after reports surfaced he might be tempted to leave the club due to a lack of games with the first team.The teenager has featured in all competitions for the Citizens so far this campaign and had been linked with Juventus and Borussia Dortmund.Foden, who is a product of City’s academy, is now contracted to his boyhood club for the foreseeable future.The 18-year-old’s new deal will reportedly see him earn the sum £30,000 per week.norwich city, manchester city, premier leagueReport: City are stunned by Norwich George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Manchester City was stunned by Norwich City in todays Premier League clash.Much has been made in recent days of the potential impact of Aymeric…“Phil Foden has agreed a new five-and-a-half-year contract extension with City,” the club said on its official website.“The 18-year-old playmaker is now contracted to the club until 2024.”Manchester City’s director of football Txiki Begiristain said: “We are delighted to have secured Phil for the next five and a half years.”“He is an outstanding talent and he is Manchester City born and bred so this is where he wants to play his football.”“Under Pep and with the players we have here around him, he is in the best place possible to develop as a player.”last_img read more

Senators to Weigh in on Spending Priorities

first_imgThe Senate could vote Thursday on two amendments to the fiscal 2017 defense authorization bill to increase defense spending and non-defense spending by adding money to DOD’s uncapped overseas contingency operations (OCO) account.The Democrat-led amendment to add $18 billion to the OCO account for a range of domestic programs is intended to maintain parity with defense spending, which would be raised by the same amount under a proposal from Senate Armed Services Chair John McCain (R-Ariz.). The Democrats’ amendment, sponsored by Jack Reed (R.I.), the ranking member on Armed Services, would pay for U.S. civilian infrastructure, cybersecurity, law enforcement and medical responses to the opioid and Zika challenges, among other programs.Democrats say they won’t support the effort to bolster the military by providing additional troops, more funds for maintenance and training, and new aircraft, ships and tanks left out of the administration’s budget request unless Republicans agree to an equivalent increase for domestic programs.The two amendments may be subject to 60-vote thresholds, which would decrease their chances of being adopted. The amendments would only authorize the federal government to spend money but do not provide funds.McCain is pressuring Democrats to support his amendment even if theirs fails, reported the Hill.“If it does fail, my Democratic colleagues will be left to answer a simple question: Will you vote to give our military service members the resources, training and equipment that they need and deserve?” McCain said.“This vote will be that simple.” Dan Cohen AUTHORlast_img read more